Fostered Village Programme (Kampung Binaan) in West Nusa Tenggara Province (NTB), Indonesia

The solid waste management system in the capital region of NTB (including the city of Mataram) is not yet able to cover the entire region and cope with the amount of the waste generated.  Contributing factors include a lack of facilities, a lack of infrastructure and low public awareness on domestic waste reduction.  This last point is particularly key as waste generation is still dominated by household and market waste.

Based on the above it can be seen that community waste management in residential neighbourhoods is a key to reducing the amount of waste generated.   The Foster Village (Kampung Binaan) programme has been set up to address this need through community-based organisations such as PKK groups.   PKK is a formal women’s group in Indonesia that exists from the top level (national) to bottom level (village) to support increasing family welfare through many aspects such as health, economy, education and so on (composting is very synergic with the PKK goal of making a healthy family throughthe various products of composting activities).  The groups are coming together for a 3 year programme which aims to reduce waste by approximately 10% a year leading to an overall reduction of 30% by the end of the third year.

Why is it called Fostered Village?  Due to the programme emphasising the involvement of stakeholders, especially private companies, to foster and facilitate integrated waste management activities carried out by the community in each village.  Involved stakeholders include the local government (supervision), community based organisations (implementation), private companies (facilitation), NGOs (advocacy) and academics (research and development).

Integrated Waste Management Activities include:

1.  Building a compost house to develop a method that is easy, inexpensive, practical and applicable such as the Takakura Method.  This method is disseminated to the public through community capacity building programmes with advocacy from JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) and NGOs.
2. Management of waste banks by integrating community values such as barter or waste deposits.
3. Development of organic gardens in residential yards in a limited area.
4. 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) skills development and awareness raising to benefit the community.

It is hoped that the programme can reduce the amount of waste generated, provide an additional income for residents as well as being a learning experience and thereby create a community movement which will build a clean, healthy and sustainable environment.  The programme is targeting 15 neighbourhoods of approximately 300 – 400 households.